A Requiem For Galileo

Ashis Nandy’s recent controversy reminds us why we should prosecute an action, not words. Punish murderers, not ideas.

Freedom of Speech in India

It wasn’t maman who died today. It was democracy. She was only 67 years old.

Carrying her dead body through the quiet and somber Tilak Marg were the burly pallbearers, the keepers of the nation’s conscience. Mysteriously absent were the crowds who normally scream “Azadi! Azadi!” at the mere site of a funeral procession. And all those opinion-makers and columnists who’ve hoisted Rushdie joyfully on their shoulders as though he were a Free Speech Cup – where were they? Yes, they watched it all slide past silently, and only when the procession went down Purana Quila – en route to Nigambodh Ghat for the final rites – did they shake their heads in protest. Not one murmur, mind, only a dismal shake of the head.

The exact time of death isn’t clear, but it happened during the hearing of Ashis Nandy’s petition to the Supreme Court seeking protection from arrest by various police forces of the country. The hearing concerned the remarks Nandy had made during the recently concluded Jaipur Literature Festival.

When Nandy’s counsel, Aman Lekhi, asked the three-judge bench headed by Chief Justice Kabir: “A person cannot be faulted because he or she conveys a certain idea…Can you penalise an idea?”, Justice Kabir replied angrily: “Yes, why not?…An idea can be punished”. (Economic Times; The Telegraph, Hindustan Times, February 2, 2013)

Quoting the date is important, as the tombstone-maker knows only the birth date: August 15, 1947.

The greatest Indian after Gandhi, Ambedkar, formulated the following as one of the unshakeable tenets of our Constitution:

Article 19. (1) All citizens shall have the right –

(a) to freedom of speech and expression

Ambedkar was a genius. That he understood the painful and stark realities of India more than even Gandhi – and certainly more than the lovable and emotional Nehru – is not something that we as Indians are aware of.

When people refuse to follow the principles by which their leader lived and died, ever so slowly the leader becomes the present, and his principles the past. To worship someone is actually to forget him. We worship Ambedkar – at roundabouts, in naming Bhavans and Sadans, for sanctioning holidays – but we have forgotten utterly what the man stood for.

Ambedkar knew everything about how this nation functioned, and many of his speeches are so explosive and clairvoyant and perceptive – of the way this nation functions even today – that one is astonished by the sheer acuity of the man. That is the reason why Article 19 1a was just that: Article 19 1a.

In 1951, however, came quickly the first amendment to our Constitution, and what was merely Article 19 1a now got appended with “clause 2”, i.e. the freedom of speech and expression was now subject to “reasonable restrictions” that, among other things, were “public order” and “decency” and “morality”.

How can freedom be subject to anything?! Well, it can be subject to something but then it no longer is freedom!

Clause 2 – mark my words – is what will sound the death-knell for freedom in this nation of ours. It is because of clause 2 that Rushdie was hounded out of Jaipur, Swamy was ejected from Harvard, Nasreen was chased from Kolkata, Hussain was dismounted from his horses, and clause 2 it is that has made Nandy a fugitive in his own country.

True: my right to swing my fist ends where your nose begins, yes, but for the love of over-paid writers and TV-psychologists, we are talking here in metaphors.

Prosecute an action, not words! Punish murderers, not ideas!

What our leaders say today is but the final joss-stick that we’ve lit under the garlanded duo-toned photo-frame of Ambedkar. How he cries through those thick glasses! His idea of India lies smashed to smithereens.

But how many ideas will we squash? Will we also put behind bars Mahasweta Devi because she demanded that the right to dream be made a fundamental right? Will we punish physicists because they think God does not exist? Will we throw biologists to the ghariyals because they believe man descended from ape?

How many Galileos will we put to the gallows, how many?

Are we going to imprison those millions of Naga Sadhus whose dangling penises we may find an affront to our “decency”? Are we going to blast those temples of Khajuraho whose walls may assault our sense of “morality”? Are we going to forbid one of the greatest and most beautiful ideas ever to have struck man, an idea whose depiction is as spine-chilling as it is natural: that of the creative and cosmic energy of man bursting through the creative and cosmic energy of a woman: the union of lingam and yoni: Shiva-shakti – are we going to forbid its open display of magnificence as it may upset “public order”?

That fine lady who stands atop our temples of justice is tired of our self-righteousness and her sword that is pointing to the skies is blunted and her blindfold is perforated and her scales are rusted, and she is crying hearing someone say that ideas can be punished.

Save her yet from toppling over! Take note of what the other Kabir said half a millennium ago:


हद में चले सो मानव, बेहद चले सो साध |

हद बेहद दोनों तजे, ताको बता अगाध ||


The one who is confined in limitations is human, the one who roams into unlimited, a Sadhu. The one who has dropped both limited and unlimited, unfathomable is his being and understanding

Dear Editor of this article: please don’t edit this piece; refrain from adding or removing even a single punctuation. I take complete responsibility for every word, every sentence that I have thus written. I will face the consequences of my thoughts and my ideas and my writings, in whatever manner they may come.

My ideas are dear to me. They are all I have, they are my sum total. Rest assured that unlike Norman Mailer who substituted Fug for Fuck, unlike Arundhati Roy who paid the Rs 2500 fine to escape a jail sentence, unlike Tavleen Singh who apologized and removed her piece from the Indian Express site – rest assured you’ll find me waiting, waiting for the armies of the night and their midnight knock.






Contact-Anand Ranganathan


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  • vir

    You Sir, are brilliant!. Succinctly put. May your tribe grow.

  • Babs

    Electrifying stuff!! Ambedkar was indeed a genius theres no doubt. Thank you!

  • Sunshine

    Love you sir! I feel connected to your writing….

  • India’s ranking in the World Press Freedom Index: 2002->80, 2003->128, 2007-> 120, 2011->130, 2013-> 140 out of 179 countries

    Countries ahead of the “World’s largest democracy” in terms of rankings: Afghanistan! (128th rank), Libya, South Sudan, United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, Lebanon, Mali, Kosovo, Republic of Congo, Bosnia & Herzegovina (68th rank), Serbia (63)


    The last hope this country had with regards to re-establishing the principles of Freedom of Speech was the Supreme Court & with the CJI saying what he did… Pakistan (159), Russia (148), Burma (151), China (173) & North Korea (178)… here we come.

    • brilliant. telling stuff. quite an eye-opener, when year-wise ranks are taken together. quite disheartening, too.

  • Anna O

    FINALLY!!!!! A flag bearer for ideals and principles without which we will crumble and die as a nation!

    It was such a joy and relief to read an opinion that did not reek of political correctness, pussyfooting, pandering, political chess-playing, or self-righteousness.

    Thank you!

  • Roark

    Agree with every word of this article…But I simply believe that its utter bullshit of all these great intellectuals to constantly talk about Indian Constitution…What does these intellectuals do after making a comment they feel to be true??Come on camera and start shouting like cowards…Why don’t they really fight for their freedom to express??
    M F Hussain ran away…Ashis Nandy apologised…what the heck??
    Had M K Gandhi or Bhagat Singh or Subhas Chandra Bose ran away out of fear….we might still be living under British rule….They had guts to stand up and fight against the system without worrying about their lives…Even today we have several soldiers on LOC standing to fight the foreign enemy without worrying about their families and kids back home..so as to maintain the sovereignty of this nation….
    And when these people are expected to fight for their own fundamental rights against some fringe groups….they all go on hiding…If they are so worried about their lives..than why not keep your thoughts limited to your bathrooms…and keep your mouth shut??..How does these long discussions and interviews serve the purpose..???..except the fact that they can be fodder to news hungry press out there for garnering some TRPs
    If you can’t stand by your own “expressions” and fight to death to set up precedents….why the hell do you even call yourself an Indian at the very first place….??..
    Stop this game of gaining sympathies from few intellectual comrades….discuss about the issues in your lavish parties with a glass of wine…and than expect that this country will change someday…!!!

  • HKM

    Could someone tell me which article of Tavleen Singh’s was pulled from the Indian Express website? And why?

  • Tanmay Singal

    “Clause 2 – mark my words – is what will sound the death-knell for freedom in this nation of ours. It is because of clause 2 that Rushdie was hounded out of Jaipur, Swamy was ejected from Harvard, Nasreen was chased from Kolkata, Hussain was dismounted from his horses, and clause 2 it is that has made Nandy a fugitive in his own country.”

    Rushdie being hounded out of Jaipure… … Rushdie is not an Indian citizen. So I don’t know how the free-speech fundamental right applies to him. Same for Nasreen.

    Hussain – yes. The case applies to him. Free speech and expression (well, what’s contained within expression is debatable). I didn’t

    This doesn’t apply to Swamy at all. Free speech implies you shall not be charged/ prosecuted by the law/ state authorities for what you say. You can still lose you job for what you say.

  • stormchaser1983

    Hi Anand. I am a fellow scientist, and all I am just speechless at your articles. You anna, are simply awesome. NewsLaundry is great coz of varied perspectives like yourself.

  • Vinod