For the next ten days, Mohammad Najar-ul will be on leave. Forced leave. The Environment Pollution (Prevention and Control) Authority (EPCA) has banned construction activities in the Delhi NCR region. For this 28-year-old native of Bihar’s Darbhanga district, the EPCA’s construction ban means surviving the next 10 days without even a rupee of income.
“The managers of our contractor said that the government has stopped work from November 1 to 10 because of the pollution,” he said. Najar-ul lives with his wife and three children in a tiny hurt provided by the contractor near the construction site in Gurugram’s sector 70A.
Construction of several housing projects is in full swing in the vicinity. The construction part of it – which involves materials producing swirls of dust – will be on hold until the EPCA lifts the ban. Najar-ul and his neighbours from least five of such projects live in these settlements.
He earns Rs 210 per shift and usually pulls off two shifts a day. He estimates that not only will he end up losing wages roughly to the tune of Rs 4,000 but will also end up spending about Rs 2,000 during this period of no income. “This amounts to a loss of Rs 6,000 for me and my family,” he said. “Even last year, I ended up losing roughly 10 days of work during the pollution ban and 15 days in 2016 because of the notebandi (demonetisation drive),” recalls Najar-ul, who has spent the last decade working in the construction sector.
The EPCA ban will leave construction labourers like Najar-ul unemployed from November 1 to 10
“Back in Darbhanga, I have no house and it is difficult to find a regular job there,” saidNajar-ul. “My father has thrown me out of our property, so there is no option of going back to the village during this period.” He takes a pause as his youngest daughter Shagufta tries to take out the mobile wrapped around his waist, and sums up his frustration by saying:“Ab dus din timepass karenge (For the next 10 days, we will kill time).”
While he and his family will stay back in the settlement – several of the others plan to visit their villages. The reasons vary but are all triggered by the EPCA’s decision.
Industry experts suggest that the EPCA ban has come at a tricky time. It falls at the time of Diwali, right after which will start the Chhatt festival – the prime festival in Bihar, as well as in some parts of Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh. Incidentally, most of the construction labourers hail from these states.
The environment body has banned all construction activity in Delhi NCR for 10 days citing ‘very poor’ air quality in the region
Najar-ul’s 18-year-old neighbour Chandan also hails from Bihar but from Rohtas district. “The contractor is from my area; there was no work back home so I decided to come here,” Chandan said. He works as a construction labourer in one of the housing projects in Gurugram and has mixed feelings about this forced leave.
The fact that he is set to lose income saddens him, but the first opportunity to visit home, ever since he came to Delhi, also leaves him elated. “I will return only after Chhatt festival is over,” Chandan says with a broad smile on his face. “Or maybe, by the end of the month.”
Hansraj, 36, who works at a different construction site in Gurugram, shares similar thoughts. “Staying here would mean expenses on food and travel. It’s better to travel to our villages as the festivals and sowing season [for wheat] has also arrived. We will return only after finishing both.”
At the other end of the income spectrum, the suspension of construction activity hurts real estate developers. Association of Certified Relators of India (ACRI) – a body which brings together several developers from Delhi, Haryana and UP – says that the ban will trigger movement of workers, thereby affecting the speed of the projects.
“It is nearly impossible for the contractors to pay workers during the ban – it involves too much cost and the ban period can get extended too,” ACRI president Ravindra Agrawal told Newslaundry. He said that while it is very difficult to access the losses in statistical terms, such bans create a ripple effect on the projects. “Now once they [labourers] leave the site, it takes another 40-45 days to get back into the same system. The big housing projects take a major hit due to such bans.”
Agrawal claims that the EPCA ban – triggered by the dangerous air quality in the national capital region – has potentials of derailing big housing projects for a couple of months. “The entire chain of work and orders are disrupted. If construction work is put on hold, it also affects other deadlines and chain of work and supply lined up,” he added.
The body claims that over 100 big projects in Delhi NCR, that is, in cities such as Delhi, Noida, Gurugram and Ghaziabad will be affected because of the ECPA ban.
An official with one of the housing projects in Gurugram, which is aggressively advertising its Gurugram project in Delhi, said that there are two lines of work being done at the site – finishing and structure. “The finishing work will go on uninterrupted but all works related to the structure will be put on hold as the ECPA guidelines.”
According to him, finishing work is being carried out in phase one of the project, which means that it remains out of the EPCA order. But phase two deadlines are set to be disrupted as the only structural work as it involves activities producing dust.
There are allegations against developers that they often overlook the advisories and guidelines issued by the environmental authorities. For instance, in the entire area from Sector 64 to 70A in Gurugram, there is an obvious violation of EPCA norms.
The building materials are left in the open at several sites and the debris is dumped in the open outside these construction sites. The EPCA has been urging the local authorities to ensure minimisation of dust in the NCR region but probably those orders hold no importance in the construction territories of this region.
Construction debris and material can be spotted kept in open outside at construction sites in Gurugram
Notably, on October 31, the Supreme Court appointed EPCA had said that in the coming days Delhi NCR “could see a sharp deterioration in air quality… This is because there is a western disturbance system in the north of India which is bringing moisture, and a cyclonic system on the eastern side which is suppressing winds.” The images released by NASA also show an increase in stubble burning or paddy crop burning in neighbouring states of in Punjab and Haryana. This “combined with Delhi -NCR’s own pollution sources, could lead to a spike in pollution in the coming 10 days.” The air quality in Delhi is already in the very category and these factors would only worsen the situation.
The body has issued a seven-pointer Graded Response Plan (GRAP) and has asked the states to ensure its implementation. Under the GRAP, all construction activities involving excavation and civil construction, except finishing work or where no construction material is used is banned between November 1and 10. The EPCA has also banned stone crushers and brick kilns in this period.
While those like Nipun Chawla, general secretary of ACRI, suggest that banning construction activities is not a long-term solution. “The governments should rather ask the developers to make sure machines which server as dust suckers are installed at the construction site. That will enable us to carry our projects uninterrupted and will also not harm the environment.”
Although the practicality of such “solutions” are questionable, the larger question that arises is: will small-scale developers agree and adhere to such norms?