“Darul-Uloom Deoband has issued a fatwa against Muslim women using nail polish as it is un-Islamic and illegal”. This early morning tweet on November 5 by ANI kept newsrooms and social media busy throughout the day ridiculing this latest fatwa. What are these fatwas all about? How do they come up every now and then providing a sensational story for the media? Alt News decided to dig deeper and uncovered a shocking story of how news is manufactured.
A misleading quote
Soon after the tweet by ANI, social media users called out the bluff saying that the man in the picture is neither a Mufti (a religious scholar authorized to issue fatwa/opinion on topics related to Islam) nor connected in any way to Darul-Uloom Deoband.
Alt News decided to investigate this further and called Darul-Uloom Deoband. They refused to comment on the news about the fatwa but confirmed to us that the person in ANI tweet is not associated with them.
Alt News then contacted Ishrar Gaura, the person ANI had quoted as a Mufti. It turned out that his name was Ishaq Gaura and he was neither a Mufti nor linked to Darul-Uloom. He told us that ANI had contacted him to get his comments on a story by Eenadu / ETV Urdu on this fatwa. He also claimed that he has been misquoted by ANI.
Alt News then contacted an ANI editor with this additional information and ANI quickly issued an update stating that Qari Syed Ishaq Gaura who was speaking on the fatwa issued by Darul-Uloom Deoband, does not represent Darul-Uloom Deoband.
So the identity of the person in the ANI tweet was corrected but this still left us with the open question as to where is the fatwa issued by Darul-Uloom? Has anyone seen it? Does it actually say that using nail polish is un-Islamic and illegal as claimed in the ANI tweet?
Fatwa did not say nail polish is un-Islamic
Darul-Uloom has an online service where anyone can ask a question and get fatwa or opinion from the Mufti about it. This particular fatwa could not be found online and this pointed us to the possibility that either it didn’t exist or it could have been asked in writing by an individual.
Alt News contacted ANI again, this time to ask for a copy of the fatwa after which ANI uploaded it online to their website. The new tweet was worded differently from the original one. The fatwa against “Muslim women wearing nail polish” had now become a fatwa against “women and men of the community proffering Namaz or prayer, wearing nail polish”.
The official definition of fatwa is a non-binding, yet authoritative legal opinion given by a mufti (legal scholar) in response to a question posed by an individual or a court of law. In this specific case, the question posed was, “Is it permissible to apply nail polish? Many women apply nail polish when they go to parties and weddings. A lot of women apply nail polish and grow their nails. Is it permissible for men and women to grow nails and apply nail polish?” -translated. The name of the person requesting this opinion is Mohammed Tufail from Muzaffarnagar. The response given was “Yes, they can apply nail polish provided it doesn’t contain any impure material. Moreover, since the act of applying nail polish creates a layer, till the time it is not cleaned, water doesn’t reach the nail. Unless it is removed, neither Wuzu (ablution before Namaz) nor Ghusl (ritual washing of the body) can be completed. That is why it is necessary to remove this layer prior to Wuzu or Ghusl. Men and women can grow nails up to 40 days and after that you have to cut the nails..” -translated. The fatwa doesn’t term nail polish as un-Islamic or illegal as claimed in ANI’s tweet.
The title of ANI’s online story was amended accordingly from “New Fatwa: Don’t wear nail polish” to “Fatwa against wearing nail polish during Namaz”. The revised ANI article carried comments of Qari Syed Ishaq Gaura with corrections of his name and relationship to Darul-Uloom.
A manufactured story
After we confirmed that the fatwa exists, we sought an answer to the critical question – how did ETV get hold of a fatwa that was not in the public domain? The fatwa is handwritten and not uploaded on the website. If it was a clarification sought by an individual, how did it get to the media? This is where the story gets murkier.
Alt News decided to contact the person who had asked for Darul-Uloom’s opinion on the issue. The fatwa mentioned his name as Mohammed Tufail and provided his phone number too. However, upon looking up the number on Truecaller, the number look-up service suggested that the name was Tasleem Qureshi.
When Alt News called the number, it was answered by a person called Tasleem Qureshi. During the course of the conversation, we discovered that Qureshi is associated with Eenadu/ETV Urdu and he had asked for the fatwa in the name of his relative so that he could do a story on it. Since he can’t approach Darul-Uloom as a journalist, he poses questions to them in a relative’s name, acting as a common Muslim seeking their advice on a matter.
You can find links to his other fatwa stories on his YouTube channel and Instagram account – from fatwas about whether a woman could go to the market for putting mehendi to whether women could wax. The person being asked an opinion in his videos on these fatwas also appears in the photos of his Instagram account.
When we questioned Qureshi about his actions, “I’m a journalist.” Qureshi told Alt News. “Is there any rule forbidding me from asking for a fatwa? Am I not a Muslim?” he asked. The point about journalistic ethics was totally lost on him. He insisted that ANI had misreported his story.
A fatwa always makes a great story and offers the opportunity to keep the focus of the nation on religion. A journalist in Saharanpur has figured this out and requests for fatwas in the name of others, so he can write a story. The story is eagerly picked up by news agencies and splashed all over the media with a sensational headline – “Breaking: New fatwa against Muslim women wearing nail polish. None of the editors across all the media houses that reported this story wondered how the personal communication in form of a hand-written letter between an individual and a seminary had become public information and who was behind it.
This is how the story about this fatwa got manufactured. This is not the first such story, nor will it be the last. As long as such stories make headlines and have an eager audience, they will continue to thrive.