The genius of the metaphor is that it helps us understand complex models we can’t articulate. When the Hindu supremacists say “Bharat Mata”, for example, they are presenting a well understood cognitive model that explains nourishment and loyalty and using it to explain nationalism. When they say Gau Mata, the idea of nourishment and our loyalty to it is brought to the cow.
In many ways the metaphor epitomises the kind of intelligence computers struggle with. Reasoning by metaphor is a form of reasoning that’s flexible and nimble, unfixed and still resilient. It uses ideas from outside systems to explain systems, maps a cognitive model from a familiar context to another. We, human beings, can do this because a number of things came together for us: we have very sophisticated abilities to speak, we recognise patterns, we understand the unspoken, we can imagine what isn’t in front of us, we have a pool of shared human experience (another metaphor!), we can see concepts and we can see relationships between concepts.
So, what does human intelligence do that machine intelligence can’t? What can they both not do?
In this episode, we explore the limits of artificial intelligence. We speak to who runs an AI firm that scrapes cricket data to help make predictions for fantasy cricket. We also speak to who has built AI that can diagnose diseases from chest x-rays. They shed light on how both their AI infers data and the limitations that come with it.
Written and hosted by Sneha Vakharia, produced by Aditya Varier, edited by Harshula Kumar and Aditya Varier, and transcribed by Anna Priyadarshini and Arnav Binaykia.
Recorded in Rainbow Bridge School of Music, Bengaluru.
This is the second episode of a series on Big Data. Listen to the , and stay tuned for more.